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ENGL 101/101+ - FRESHMAN ENGLISH - Gover

This guide will support ENGL 101 and 101+ for Prof. Gover's Essay 3 Prompt.

Using CRAAP for Evaluating Sources

CRAAP Test Questions

Use the CRAAP Test to evaluate your sources by asking yourself these questions aloud:

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Is the information current or out-of date for your topic?
  • Are the links functional?   

Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?

Authority: the source of the information

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given? What are they?
  • What are the author's qualifications to write on this topic? For example, is a plumber writing about dance?
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? For example: .com (commercial), .edu (educational), .gov (U.S. government), .org (nonprofit organization), or .net (network)

Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone very emotional?
  • Does the language seem very biased?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Purpose: the reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information? to inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact? opinion? propaganda?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?

Adapted from CRAAP Guide, Benedictine University

Evaluating Sources on the Web

While the first video specifically talks about evaluating internet sources, many of the recommendations can be applied to other source you find in print, through library databases, etc.

Which of the recommended tips can you apply to other types of sources?

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