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Team Internship Program - Boeing

This guide is to support the 2023 Internship Program collaborating with Boeing.

Types of Information You WIll Find

When you do research, you will think about the types of sources you need to support your issue. While the open web and Google have many sources you can use, to make sure you have credible, relevant information, you may need academic or scholarly sources.

Academic sources, also called scholarly sources, are written by experts in a field, people who have advanced degrees in a given discipline. They usually have more complicated language and provide references or other sources they use to support their topic in the form of citations. Academic sources can most easily be found in library databases than on the open web.

You will also see:

  • Popular magazine articles are typically written by journalists to entertain or inform a general audience,
  • Trade publications may be written by experts in a certain industry, but they are not considered scholarly, as they share general news, trends, and opinions, rather than advanced research, and are not peer-reviewed.

Here is a table comparing Popular Magazines, Academic Sources, and Trade Publications and their features:

Popular Magazines Academic/Scholarly (including peer-reviewed) Trade Publications

Current events; general interest articles

Research results/reports; reviews of research (review articles); book reviews 

Articles about a certain business or industry
Purpose To inform, entertain, or elicit an emotional response To share research or scholarship with the academic community To inform about business or industry news, trends, or products 
Author Staff writers, journalists, freelancers Scholars/researchers Staff writers, business/industry professionals
Audience General public Scholars, researchers, students Business/industry professionals
Review Staff editor Editorial board made up of other scholars and researchers. Some articles are peer-reviewed Staff editor
Citations May not have citations, or may be informal (ex. according to... or links) Bibliographies, references, endnotes, footnotes Few, may or may not have any
Frequency Weekly/monthly Quarterly or semi-annually Weekly/monthly
Ads* Numerous ads for a variety of products Minimal, usually only for scholarly products like books Ads are for products geared toward specific industry
Examples on Publisher Site Washington Post; Time; New York Times; Aerospace Engineering Blog The Aeronautical Journal; International Journal of Aerospace EngineeringIEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine Aerospace MagazineAvionics Magazine; Flight International; Aviation International News; Flying Mag; IEEE AccessInternational Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (IAM) Journal
Examples in Library Databases (Requires GCC Login) Washington Post; Time; New York Times The Aeronautical Journal International Journal of Aerospace Engineering; Nature Avionics Magazine; Flight International

Text and chart adapted from UTexas Libguide.

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