Abstract: This qualitative study examined the impact of a six-step framework for work-specific vocabulary instruction in adult English language learners (ELLs). Guided by research in English as a second language (ESL) methodology and the transactional theory, the researchers sought to unveil how these processes supported the acquisition and application of work-specific vocabulary in three adult ELLs. Data were collected in two levels, before and after training. The first data analysis identified and used two themes to develop training modules' curriculum: (a) policies and procedures related to state and federal regulations and (b) customer service. After participants completed training, the second data analysis identified two additional themes transcending across the three cases: (a) employees' views in English language proficiency skills and (b) growth in writing within their own continuum of English language development. Data revealed how an explicit, work-specific vocabulary instruction approach has the potential to increase ELLs' varying levels of English language proficiency, acquisition, and application of work-specific vocabulary, and, simultaneously, confidence in how they view and use English in the workplace.
Abstract: the new Internet-based teaching assistant State Tallahassee teaches at Central Florida Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) has an expanded writing section, which now counts as 25% of the total score.Most foreign students seeking to enter a university in the United States are now required to demonstrate a certain amount of skill in writing.Many states, including Florida, California, and Texas, also now require some sort of timed essay writing in their standardized testing as a demonstration of appropriate academic command of the English language. Process writing and invention strategies Writing as an art has been a topic of extensive research for many years,with the most recent developments pertaining to process writing skills and writers'workshop activities.An example of a process writing emphasis can be found in texts such as Balanced Literacy Instruction: A Teacher's Resource Book by Au, Carroll, and Scheu (2001).
Abstract: This article provides a synthesis and review of 41 recent research studies focusing on the population of adult English language learners (ELLs) studying in nonacademic contexts. It notes the unique qualities and importance of understanding the English-language needs of this population, provides a critical overview of the existing literature, and concludes that both more research and research from diverse methodological perspectives are necessary. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]