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Library Workshops

Works Cited - Using the Template

Once you have quoted or paraphrased information in a project and provided in-text citations, then you must include full citations for the sources in your list of  Works Cited.

The 8th edition of MLA (2016) provides a template that you can follow. Include every element that you can identify; skip the elements that don't seem to apply.  The core elements include...

A fully assembled citation might look like this:

For examples of how a citation is put together, click the tab above labeled "Examples" or view the Powerpoint slides below.

What does a citation look like when fully assembled?
View the Powerpoint slides "Building a Citation," linked directly above.
Or look at this example of a citation for a peer-reviewed article from a library database:

Visit these links for additional examples:

A chapter in a print book
A video on a web site
A journal article from a library database (no DOI)


In what package (or what medium) did you find the source? A printed book? A magazine? A web page? A database?

Keep in mind: information may be packaged in one container that in turn is contained by another, different container. For instance: You might read a magazine article that is packaged in a library database. Or you might read a short story that is packaged on a web page. You have to provide required elements for both containers.

As example, here is one article shared in three different containers, each with its own unique location.
The citation for each source/container will be slightly different.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier)

A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a number that is assigned to an electronic article by its publisher. Only articles published after 2000 may have a DOI, and not every article has one. 


How could a person later look this item up? If it's a book or journal article, using what page numbers? If it's an electronic source, using what DOI (digital object identifier) or URL (website address)? 

Practice! Name That Container

If you can figure out what container you found an item in, then it's much easier to assemble that item's full citation. See the "Glossary" (in the tab above) if you've forgotten what a container is.

Click here for practice. Click here to return to the main page for this Workshop.

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